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Senin, 23 Februari 2009

VB Chapter 3 Calculator







Program/skrip dapat dilihat di selengkapnya.







Untuk properties dari masing-masing objek seperti dibawah ini, dengan letak
masing-masing objek disesuaikan dengan gambar diatas.



Textbox 1:
(Name) : txtDisplay
Alignment: 1-Right Justify
Text : (kosongkan)
Maxlength : 12

Command Button 1:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 1
Caption : 1

Command Button 2:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 2
Caption : 2

Command Button 3:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 3
Caption : 3

Command Button 4:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 4
Caption : 4

Command Button 5:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 5
Caption : 5

Command Button 6:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 6
Caption : 6

Command Button 7:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 7
Caption : 7

Command Button 8:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 8
Caption : 8

Command Button 9:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 9
Caption : 9

Command Button 10:
(Name) : cmdAngka
Index : 0
Caption : 0

Command Button 11:
(Name) : cmdPlusMinus
Caption : +/-

Command Button 12:
(Name) : cmdKoma
Caption : .

Command Button 13:
(Name) : cmdOperator
Index : 1
Caption : +

Command Button 14:
(Name) : cmdOperator
Index : 2
Caption : -

Command Button 15:
(Name) : cmdOperator
Index : 3
Caption : x

Command Button 16:
(Name) : cmdOperator
Index : 4
Caption : /

Command Button 17:
(Name) : cmdClearEntry
Caption : CE

Command Button 18:
(Name) : cmdClear
Caption : C

Command Button 19:
(Name) : cmdSamaDengan
Caption : =


Berikutnya, Anda tinggal membuat coding dari kalkulator tersebut. Jika Anda mengikuti semua
setting properties seperti diatas, maka codingnya seperti ini (anda sisipkan di general) :



Option Explicit
Private Hasil As Double
Private Const opNol = 0
Private Const opTambah = 1
Private Const opKurang = 2
Private Const opKali = 3
Private Const opBagi = 4
Private Operator As Integer
Private NilaiBaru As Boolean

' untuk menghapus karakter terakhir
Private Sub Hapus()
Dim txt As String
Dim min_len As Integer

txt = txtDisplay.Text
If Left$(txt, 1) = "-" Then
min_len = 2
Else
min_len = 1
End If

If Len(txt) > min_len Then
txtDisplay.Text = Left$(txt, Len(txt) - 1)
Else
txtDisplay.Text = "0"
End If
End Sub

Private Sub cmdAngka_Click(Index As Integer)
If NilaiBaru Then
txtDisplay.Text = Format$(Index)
NilaiBaru = False
Else
txtDisplay.Text = _
txtDisplay.Text & Format$(Index)
End If
End Sub

Private Sub cmdClear_Click()
cmdClearEntry_Click
Hasil = 0
Operator = opNol
End Sub

Private Sub cmdClearEntry_Click()
txtDisplay.Text = ""
End Sub

Private Sub cmdKoma_Click()
If InStr(txtDisplay.Text, ".") Then
Beep
Else
If NilaiBaru Then
txtDisplay.Text = "."
NilaiBaru = False
Else
txtDisplay.Text = txtDisplay.Text & "."
End If
End If
End Sub

Private Sub cmdOperator_Click(Index As Integer)
cmdSamaDengan_Click


Operator = Index

NilaiBaru = True
End Sub

Private Sub cmdPlusMinus_Click()
If NilaiBaru Then
txtDisplay.Text = "-"
ElseIf Left$(txtDisplay.Text, 1) = "-" Then
txtDisplay.Text = Right$(txtDisplay.Text, 2)
Else
txtDisplay.Text = "-" & txtDisplay.Text
End If
End Sub

Private Sub cmdSamaDengan_Click()
Dim HasilBaru As Double

If txtDisplay.Text = "" Then
HasilBaru = 0
Else
HasilBaru = CDbl(txtDisplay.Text)
End If
Select Case Operator
Case opNol
Hasil = HasilBaru
Case opTambah
Hasil = Hasil + HasilBaru
Case opKurang
Hasil = Hasil - HasilBaru
Case opKali
Hasil = Hasil * HasilBaru
Case opBagi
'Tidak bisa dibagi nol
If HasilBaru = 0 Then
MsgBox "Tidak bisa dibagi 0", vbOKOnly + vbCritical, "Kalku ERROR"
Call cmdClear_Click
Else
Hasil = Hasil / HasilBaru
End If
End Select
Operator = opNol
NilaiBaru = True
txtDisplay.Text = Format$(Hasil)
End Sub
Private Sub Form_KeyPress(KeyAscii As Integer)
txtDisplay_KeyPress KeyAscii
End Sub

Private Sub Form_KeyUp(KeyCode As Integer, Shift As Integer)
txtDisplay_KeyUp KeyCode, Shift
End Sub

' supaya kursor tetap di kanan
Private Sub txtDisplay_Change()
txtDisplay.SelStart = Len(txtDisplay.Text)
End Sub


Private Sub txtDisplay_GotFocus()
txtDisplay_Change
End Sub


' untuk mengetikkan angka di keyboard
Private Sub txtDisplay_KeyPress(KeyAscii As Integer)
Dim ch As String

ch = Chr$(KeyAscii)
Select Case ch
Case "0"
cmdAngka_Click 0
Case "1"
cmdAngka_Click 1
Case "2"
cmdAngka_Click 2
Case "3"
cmdAngka_Click 3
Case "4"
cmdAngka_Click 4
Case "5"
cmdAngka_Click 5
Case "6"
cmdAngka_Click 6
Case "7"
cmdAngka_Click 7
Case "8"
cmdAngka_Click 8
Case "9"
cmdAngka_Click 9
Case "*", "x", "X"
cmdOperator_Click opKali
Case "+"
cmdOperator_Click opTambah
Case vbCrLf, vbCr, "="
cmdSamaDengan_Click
Case "-"
cmdOperator_Click opKurang
Case "."
cmdKoma_Click
Case "/"
cmdOperator_Click opBagi
Case "C", "c"
cmdClearEntry_Click
End Select

KeyAscii = 0
End Sub

' untuk ketikan angka di numpad
Private Sub txtDisplay_KeyUp(KeyCode As Integer, Shift As Integer)
Select Case KeyCode
Case vbKeyNumpad0
cmdAngka_Click 0
Case vbKeyNumpad1
cmdAngka_Click 1
Case vbKeyNumpad2
cmdAngka_Click 2
Case vbKeyNumpad3
cmdAngka_Click 3
Case vbKeyNumpad4
cmdAngka_Click 4
Case vbKeyNumpad5
cmdAngka_Click 5
Case vbKeyNumpad6
cmdAngka_Click 6
Case vbKeyNumpad7
cmdAngka_Click 7
Case vbKeyNumpad8
cmdAngka_Click 8
Case vbKeyNumpad9
cmdAngka_Click 9
Case vbKeyMultiply
cmdOperator_Click opKali
Case vbKeyAdd
cmdOperator_Click opTambah
Case vbKeySeparator
cmdSamaDengan_Click
Case vbKeySubtract
cmdOperator_Click opKurang
Case vbKeyDivide
cmdOperator_Click opBagi
Case vbKeyDecimal
cmdKoma_Click
Case vbKeyBack, vbKeyDelete
Hapus
End Select
KeyCode = 0
End Sub


Source : www.planetsourcecode.com





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